A water-soluble plastic painting medium containing acrylic resin.
The areas around each line are cut out of the cork so that the lines to be printed stand out in relief.
A metal plate is coated with a varnish-like substance (known as the “ground”) that is impervious to acid. The artist creates an image by drawing through the ground with an etching needle, exposing the metal. The plate is immersed in acid, which bites grooves where the metal has been exposed. The ground is removed, and the plate is ready to be inked and printed.
The matrix is put on the window of a photostatic copier and the image is copied onto heat transfer paper. The heat transfer paper is then put face down on another sheet of paper and put into a drymount press. The heat from the press transfers the image from the heat transfer paper onto the other sheet of paper.
The design is drawn on a stone (or certain types of plates) with a greasy crayon or ink. Water adheres to the bare stone but not to the greasy areas, while the printing ink does the opposite; it sticks to the greasy areas but not to the wet stone, reproducing the design when printed.
Ink or paint is applied to a smooth plate. Because there is no fixed matrix, only one strong impression can be printed.
Oil paint is made from drying pigments suspended in oils such as linseed or walnut.
To create an original fine print, the design is drawn on a matrix (woodblock, metal plate, or stone, for example) that is inked. Under pressure the design is transferred to a sheet of paper or other suitable material.
Screenprint (also called serigraph or silkscreen)
Silk or synthetic mesh is stretched tightly over a frame. A stencil is adhered to the fabric, blocking the nonprinting areas. The image areas are open fabric through which ink is forced with a squeegee.